First, we have to return prisons and jails to the government for management and oversight, and take them out of the for-profit sector. In 1980, the first for-profit prison company, CCA, was founded, and suddenly, there was a vast escalation in the number of people incarcerated. Once we know there is no profit motive behind imprisoning our people, we look at the research on who is committing crimes versus who is spending time in prison for crimes.
So, if black and white people use marijuana at equal rates, but black people are seven times more likely to be arrested for pot possession, obviously there is bias in the system. As it turns out the more we study our system, the more it become apparent that poor and black people can’t afford to get lesser punishment for their crimes, while a Stanford college boy can commit rape with practically no punishment or another privileged white boy can kill several people while drinking and driving, and not get any jail time, due to affluenza.
Next, you look to the “War on Drugs,” and see if it is a rigged war. Was the CIA pumping crack into inner city neighborhoods through the Port of Los Angeles during the 1980s to fund their wars in Central America? Why yes, they were. The crack epidemic really was being fueled by the U.S. government in black communities as they flooded the communities with the drug through Freeway Ricky Ross. A documentary about this evil is available on Netflix; it is called Freeway: Crack in the System. But other written materials are also available on the era. So, during Reagan’s rule, we had private prisons start to use the profit motive to want to fill their beds while the CIA that reports to him is causing a drug epidemic in the black community. Curiously, Reagan simultaneously decides to start a renewed War on Drugs with a vigor not seen such Nixon used it to jail minorities.
I don’t have time to fully educate you on all of the things you needed to learn about this topic in your response to me, but I will refer you to Michelle Alexander’s excellent book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. The fact is there are literally books dedicated to this topic that would help you learn a lot about it.